Diving beneath the ice presents an atmosphere crammed with shiny blue water, crystal-clear visibility and spectacular photograph alternatives. Together with an unequalled sense of exploration, there’s additionally the prospect to come across chilly water marine life not often seen in different climates — listed here are six of our favourites:
Antarctic Fur Seals
Certainly one of 9 fur species worldwide, the Antarctic fur seal might be discovered within the chilly waters of the Antarctic Convergence, with 95% of the inhabitants calling St Georgia house. Named (and needed) for his or her thick fur, they have been virtually hunted to extinction through the 19th Century. They've a fairly cute look with small seen ears, and use their flippers when strolling throughout land.
Emperors are the most important (and arguably hottest) penguin species, endemic to the Antarctic with populations estimated to be round 600,000. They will dive as deep as 500m (1,600ft) for 20 minutes — the deepest of any hen — and are famed for his or her epic survival techniques in one of many world’s harshest landscapes.
Discovered within the North Atlantic Ocean (from Scandinavia to Maine), these distinctive critters want to stay alone in deep, darkish caves as much as 500m (1,600ft) under the floor. Wolffish use their formidable tooth to crush prey (like molluscs, crabs and urchins), and even produce a pure ‘antifreeze’ protein to assist maintain their blood pumping within the ice-cold environment.
Killer Whale (aka Orca)
With immediately recognisable black and white markings, these are the most important member of the dolphin household. They're extremely smart, completed hunters; they've even been seen making waves and throwing themselves onto ice to grab seals for dinner. Examine PADI AmbassaDiver Birgitta Mueck’s Norwegian encounter here.
The most important fish within the Arctic, these slow-moving sharks have an estimated lifespan of 200 years. Their our bodies include trimethylamine oxide (TMAO) which regulates strain and prevents freezing — fairly helpful since they cruise between the floor and a couple of,200m (7,200ft) deep. For that purpose, sightings are very uncommon — however fortunate divers might simply be in the proper place, on the proper time!
Big Pacific Octopus
These eight-armed giants stay within the North Pacific and, like different octopuses, are extraordinarily intelligent and adept at camouflage — altering color in 1/10th of a second. Regardless of being solely the dimensions of a grain of rice after hatching, they’ve been recognized to succeed in as much as 10m (30ft) in measurement; it’s no marvel they prompted sailors’ tales of mythical creatures!